The port area has excellent infrastructure and facilities. In a first phase, it has an expansive 2.2 km long commercial quay, with guaranteed 18m deep draft alongside and 19m along the approach channel. At present, the commercial quay is operating in a pre-development setup and has a Multipurpose Terminal, an Early Operations Container Terminal and a Dry Bulk Terminal. After being fully developed towards the end of 2019, the commercial quay shall also have a dedicated RORO terminal and a NAVY terminal.
Port of Duqm started to operate the multi-purpose terminal in 2012, and ever since has built up a strong reputation as reliable multipurpose terminal operator providing the full list of stevedore services. The Port is already handling project cargo and break bulk cargo since 2012 and has a built a strong track record for the heavy lift operations. Taking full advantage of Duqm’s central location vis-à-vis, the various oil and gas concessions in Oman, while also not being surrounded by any mountains or other geographical restrictions, Port of Duqm is, therefore, the preferred point of entrance for all project cargo movement towards the existing and new oil and gas fields. Moreover, the Port has no restrictions whatsoever in terms of handling heavy lift or larger out-of-gauge loads, while having access to more than 600m quay length for this type of operations.
Port of Duqm’s experienced operational staff is continuously being trained as per international standards and able to provide service for all its clients on a 24/7 basis, 365 days per year.
Following cargoes have been handled at the Port of Duqm:
• All heavy lift cargo (up to 1500 MT)
• Oil and gas pipes
• Drilling pipe tubing and casing
• Steel structures
• Factory equipment
• Steel Coils
• Breakbulk cargo (big bags, drums, etc.)
• Automotive cargo
The following equipment is available with the Port:
• 2 Gottwald 120 ton mobile harbor cranes (capable of lifting 240 ton in dual hoist)
• 3, 5 and 11-ton Forklift trucks
• Reach Stackers
• General slinging equipment
• Drum and big bag handling equipment sets of up to 35 tons
Early Operations Container (EOC) Terminal
Port of Duqm has the clear ambition to become a major hub for the handling of containers, making full utilization of its major assets, such as its prime location, the 18m guaranteed draft, the expansive land and quay length availability and its current and future intermodal capabilities to reach local, regional and international markets in the most cost-efficient way.
In the current first phase, container yard operations are carried out in the ‘Early Operations Container Terminal’ which is a 300m wide, ISPS certified fenced area located right next to the Multipurpose Terminal. The loading and unloading operations are carried out by the two mobile harbor cranes which have a joint capacity of ca 30 moves per hour. Apart from the cranes, the Port is equipped with:
• Manual container spreader
• Automatic container spreader
• Spreader bridge
• 3 reach stackers
Port of Duqm is already linked to other major seaports in the region, including Salalah, Sohar in Oman and Jebel Ali in UAE, via a multipurpose feeder service (Oman Express Service) operated by Oman Shipping Company. This service, currently scheduled to operate weekly or fortnightly, allows industries in the wider Duqm area to import/export containers and project cargo on a regular basis. Besides, all major Oil and Gas project cargo import is being routed via Port of Duqm, for existing projects as well as upcoming project such as Liwa Plastics, BP Khazzan, Yibal Khuff, as well as the Duqm Refinery Project. Major shipping lines, such as CMA CGM and MSC have already registered Duqm as end destination and can move all containerized cargo to and from Duqm, utilizing Oman Shipping’s Express service.
In a second phase, Port of Duqm is planning to construct and operate two major state-of-the-art container terminals on its commercial quay, which are expected to be operational by end of 2019. At that stage, the handling capacity shall increase to minimum 1.5 Million TEU.
Dry Bulk Terminal
Port of Duqm has dedicated an area of approximately 10ha, over 300m of the quay length at its commercial quay, for the Dry Bulk Terminal which will primarily focus on the exports of industrial minerals such as limestone and dolomite.
Oman has vast deposits of metallic and non-metallic minerals. Past surface exploration work and geological mapping have demonstrated enormous quantities of mineral deposits located within a radius of around 300kms of Duqm Port such as limestone, dolomite, gypsum, marble, gabbro, silica sand, shale, kaolin, laterite, basalt, solar salt and ornamental stone. These deposits can be mined, processed and exported out of Port, thereby utilizing the Sultanate’s natural resources. In the immediate vicinity of the Port, mines of high-quality limestone and dolomite have started their operations, which are feeding the local industries, as well as a substantial part of the products is being exported through the Port to nearby countries.
Port of Duqm has started the early stage dry bulk terminal operations since February 2016 with several parcels of dolomite and limestone being shipped on a monthly basis to overseas markets like India and Qatar. The current terminal capacity of 5 Million tons per year and the Port is equipped with wheel loaders to facilitate stockpiling and loading operations. While at present, only self-geared vessels can be handled, the port has plans to acquire loading equipment in the near future to add flexibility, increase loading capacity and loading efficiency of the terminal.
Port of Duqm foresees further expansion of its dry bulk handling capabilities in the Phase II developments of the Port. Furthermore, Port of Duqm has also planned for the possibility of building rail connectivity to the terminal. The idea of the prospective rail line is to connect Duqm with the larger hinterland – including but not limited to the major current and future mining areas of the country such as Thumrait and Shuwaymiyah. The rail line is expected to propel Duqm to become a major Dry Bulk handling Port in the Middle East region.
Liquid Bulk Handling
The Liquid Bulk terminal is currently under construction and is expected to be ready in the last quarter of 2019. Immediately adding 7 new berths for the handling of liquid bulk products, Port of Duqm is planning to become the new liquid bulk hub in the Middle East region. One of the first important tenants will be Duqm Refinery, which is expected to greatly contribute to Duqm’s attraction for petroleum and petrochemical production and trade flows. Port of Duqm has ample land available for meeting any inquiry from investors for the production or storage of liquid bulk products.
Future Port Capabilities
The port is expected to start full-fledged operations in the latter part of 2019, at which stage the port is expected to have container handling capacity of 1.5 Million TEUs, along with intermodal capabilities for cost-effective transportation. Dry bulk handling capacity is expected to be expanded substantially in line with future requirements in the ‘Phase 2’ area of the port. The Port’s first major customer is expected to be the upcoming Oman Oil Refinery with a capacity of 230,000 bpd. Further, the Port shall offer heavy fuel oil and marine diesel oil bunkering services from various bunker service companies.